The Classical Age
This collection of resources provides an overview of the ancient Greek society of Athens. Primary and secondary sources provide students with a springboard to study the development of democracy in Athens and to compare this system with democracies today. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.
Time Period Key Understandings
- Geography impacts a civilization's ability to communicate and unify
- Centralization allows for culture to flourish and disseminate
- Oral history and tradition perpetuate cultural norms and religion
- Societal celebrations and norms can glorify and support warfare
- Political structure influences the economic stratification of a society
- Democratic systems value the rights and opinions of citizens
- Internal rivalry leads to competitive rather than collaborative systems
- Art and architecture depict society's values and histories
- Philosophy, or the love of wisdom, contributes to the betterment of society through academic research, reasoning, and discovery
- Strong leadership leads to success of political and military campaigns
- Cultural diffusion can lead to romanticism of past civilizations and culture
- How did Solon contribute to the development of Athenian democracy? How did that system differ from the earlier oligarchic government of Athens?
- How did the Athenians view the rights and responsibilities of citizenship? In what sense was Athenian citizenship more limited than citizenship in modern democracies? How did the lives of non-citizens differ from those of citizens?
- How were places such as the Acropolis and the agora important to public life in Athens?
- Overview: Athens
- Outline: Outline
- Transcript: Transcript
- Lesson: Introduction
- Lesson: 1-Athenian Democracy and Citizenship
- Lesson: 2-Acropolis and Agora
- Lesson: 3-Daily Life and Culture in Ancient Athens
- Lesson: Closing
- Glossary Terms: agora
- Photos & Illustrations: Acropolis of Athens
- Photos & Illustrations: Athens: Pnyx, site for public assemblies
- Reference Articles: Athenian Democracy
- Reference Articles: Greek Slavery
- Reference Articles: Acropolis
- Reference Articles: Athens
- Reference Articles: Greek Citizenship
- Biographies: Solon
- Letters & Narratives: Plutarch: Solon reforms the domestic laws of Athens (ca. 100 CE)
- Letters & Narratives: Xenophon: a critic's view of the Athenian democracy
- Speeches: Pericles: Funeral Oration (ca. 430 BCE)
"Athens." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2019, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/2158310. Accessed 23 Aug. 2019.
Entry ID: 2158310