From ABC-CLIO's History Hub website
This collection of resources explores two defining conflicts in the history of ancient Greece: the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars. First-hand narratives and documents provide an in-depth look at the causes of these wars, as well as their consequences for the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.
Time Period Key Understandings
Geography impacts a civilization's ability to communicate and unify
Centralization allows for culture to flourish and disseminate
Oral history and tradition perpetuate cultural norms and religion
Societal celebrations and norms can glorify and support warfare
Political structure influences the economic stratification of a society
Democratic systems value the rights and opinions of citizens
Internal rivalry leads to competitive rather than collaborative systems
Art and architecture depict society's values and histories
Philosophy, or the love of wisdom, contributes to the betterment of society through academic research, reasoning, and discovery
Strong leadership leads to success of political and military campaigns
Cultural diffusion can lead to romanticism of past civilizations and culture
How did Greek citizens participate in warfare? Why was it important for the citizens of city-states to provide military service?
How did the Greek city-states respond to the Persian invasions? Why is the Greek victory over Persia considered so remarkable?
How did the Persian Wars change Athens's status among the other Greek city-states? How might this have contributed to the start of the Peloponnesian War?
How did the outcome of the Peloponnesian War affect both Athens and Sparta? What was the long-term effect for the Greek city-states in general?