From ABC-CLIO's History Hub website
This collection of resources explores the culture and customs of the ancient Greek society of Sparta. A critical thinking module is included to help students compare the militaristic values of Sparta to those of its famous rival, Athens. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.
Time Period Key Understandings
Geography impacts a civilization's ability to communicate and unify
Centralization allows for culture to flourish and disseminate
Oral history and tradition perpetuate cultural norms and religion
Societal celebrations and norms can glorify and support warfare
Political structure influences the economic stratification of a society
Democratic systems value the rights and opinions of citizens
Internal rivalry leads to competitive rather than collaborative systems
Art and architecture depict society's values and histories
Philosophy, or the love of wisdom, contributes to the betterment of society through academic research, reasoning, and discovery
Strong leadership leads to success of political and military campaigns
Cultural diffusion can lead to romanticism of past civilizations and culture
How did the Spartan state manage the lives of its citizens? How did the state ensure its military strength?
In what ways were the lives of Spartans less free than those of Athenians? In what ways were they more free? Why were art and culture less developed at Sparta than they were at Athens?
How did the lives of the Helots differ from those of Spartan citizens? Why were the Helots so important to the functioning of Spartan society?
Why do you think Sparta was able to become a powerful rival of Athens?