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From ABC-CLIO's History Hub website

The Mycenaeans are among the world's earliest-known civilizations and the first great civilization of ancient Greece. This collection of resources compares the mythological narratives surrounding the Mycenaeans, written by the epic poet Homer, to the real-life archaeological evidence for their existence. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.

Time Period Key Understandings

  • Geography impacts a civilization's ability to communicate and unify
  • Centralization allows for culture to flourish and disseminate
  • Oral history and tradition perpetuate cultural norms and religion
  • Societal celebrations and norms can glorify and support warfare
  • Political structure influences the economic stratification of a society
  • Democratic systems value the rights and opinions of citizens
  • Internal rivalry leads to competitive rather than collaborative systems
  • Art and architecture depict society's values and histories
  • Philosophy, or the love of wisdom, contributes to the betterment of society through academic research, reasoning, and discovery
  • Strong leadership leads to success of political and military campaigns
  • Cultural diffusion can lead to romanticism of past civilizations and culture

Key Questions

  • What role did Homer's epics play in ancient Greek culture? Why do you think those works were so influential?
  • Why was Heinrich Schliemann's discovery so significant? How did it change modern understanding of the Mycenaeans?
  • How did Mycenaean rulers build and express their power? What was the place of warfare in Mycenaean society?


  1. Overview: Mycenaeans
  2. Outlines: Outline
  3. Transcripts: Transcript
  4. Lesson: Introduction
  5. Lesson: 1-Influence of Greece's Geography
  6. Lesson: 2-Homeric Values
  7. Lesson: 3-Archaeological Evidence
  8. Lesson: 4-Decline and Legacy
  9. Lesson: Closing
  10. Photos & Illustrations: Mycenae: Krater of the Warriors
  11. Photos & Illustrations: Mycenae: Lion Gate
  12. Photos & Illustrations: Mycenae: northern fortifications
  13. Photos & Illustrations: Mycenae: royal tombs
  14. Reference Articles: Mycenaeans
  15. Biographies: Homer
  16. Biographies: Schliemann, Heinrich
  17. Cultural Documents: Homer: Iliad Book I, Achilles and Agamemnon quarrel (ca. 750 BCE)


Select Citation Style: 
MLA Citation
"Mycenaeans." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2020, Accessed 18 Feb. 2020.
Chicago Citation
"Mycenaeans." In History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2020. Accessed February 18, 2020.
APA Citation
Mycenaeans. (2020). In History Hub. Retrieved from
Entry ID: 2158308