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The Progressive Era, 1890-1920
Guide: Moral Reform

These resources explain the social and moral causes of the progressive movement. Use these resources to help students evaluate those social and moral reform efforts led by women. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.

Time Period Key Understandings

  • Labor unions developed as social and political movements
  • Rural and urban areas have distinct needs that shape political and economic concerns
  • Racial and ethnic groups have fought to obtain civil rights and liberties
  • Government accountability relies on a politically engaged populace
  • Society's idea of morality changes over time
  • A balance between public safety and economic growth is desirable
  • A nation's diplomatic powers rest in its ability to have a foreign presence
  • There are multiple factors that a nation must consider when deciding to go to war
  • The U.S. has gone through periods where it feels it is in its best interest to remain detached from certain global events
  • Negotiating a peace involves compromises and consensus and can extend well beyond the end of hostilities

Key Questions

  • What are some reasons for supporting Prohibition?
  • What are some reasons that Prohibition didn't work?
  • The Woman's Christian Temperance Union eventually endorsed suffrage for women. What do you think is the relationship between women's suffrage and Prohibition?


  1. Overview: Moral Reform
  2. Visuals: Moral Reform (Visual)
  3. Outline: Outline
  4. Lesson: Introduction
  5. Key Question: Conservationists' Success
  6. Key Question: Temperance Movement
  7. Photos & Illustrations: Hull House
  8. Photos & Illustrations: Riis, Jacob: Five cents a spot
  9. Photos & Illustrations: Suffrage Movement: "Win the Vote"
  10. Facts & Figures: Women's Suffrage Granted by States
  11. Reference Articles: Eighteenth Amendment
  12. Reference Articles: settlement house movement
  13. Reference Articles: temperance movement
  14. Reference Articles: woman suffrage movement
  15. Reference Articles: Woman's Christian Temperance Union
  16. Political, Government & Court Documents: Nineteenth Amendment (ratified 1920)
  17. Speeches: Stone, Lucy: Woman Suffrage in New Jersey speech (1867)

MLA Citation

"Moral Reform." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2019, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/2153040. Accessed 25 Aug. 2019.

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Entry ID: 2153040

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