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The Gilded Age, 1870-1914
Guide: Racism in America

These resources on racism in America demonstrate how African Americans and other ethnic minorities have encountered racism and discriminatory practices. Use these resources to support students' understanding of the history of racism in the United States. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.

Time Period Key Understandings

  • Labor unions developed as social and political movements
  • Rural and urban areas have distinct needs that shape political and economic concerns
  • Racial and ethnic groups have fought to obtain civil rights and liberties
  • Government accountability relies on a politically engaged populace
  • Society's idea of morality changes over time
  • A balance between public safety and economic growth is desirable
  • A nation's diplomatic powers rest in its ability to have a foreign presence
  • There are multiple factors that a nation must consider when deciding to go to war
  • The U.S. has gone through periods where it feels it is in its best interest to remain detached from certain global events
  • Negotiating a peace involves compromises and consensus and can extend well beyond the end of hostilities

Key Questions

  • What challenges did African Americans face in the post-Reconstruction era?
  • Evaluate the Americanization movement efforts to assimilate immigrants. Do you think their methods were fair?
  • Asian immigrants, Native Americans, and African Americans all faced forms of racism or discrimination. Choose one ethnic group and explain how racism and discrimination affected them.


  1. Overview: Racism in America
  2. Outline: Outline
  3. Lesson: Introduction
  4. Photos & Illustrations: Arkansas sharecropper
  5. Photos & Illustrations: Chinese immigrants in New York City
  6. Photos & Illustrations: Ku Klux Klan: crossburning in Georgia
  7. Facts & Figures: Lynchings by State and Race, 1882-1962
  8. Reference Articles: Americanization
  9. Reference Articles: antilynching movement
  10. Reference Articles: Immigration
  11. Reference Articles: Los Angeles Race Riot of 1871
  12. Biographies: Wells-Barnett, Ida
  13. Political Cartoons, Posters & Document Images: Political cartoon: anti-immigrant
  14. Political Cartoons, Posters & Document Images: Political cartoon:Southern Jim Crow laws
  15. Political, Government & Court Documents: Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
  16. Political, Government & Court Documents: Dawes Act (1887)

MLA Citation

"Racism in America." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2019, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/2153038. Accessed 25 Aug. 2019.

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Entry ID: 2153038

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