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Elections and Voting
Guide: Ballots

These resources focus on the role of ballots in U.S. voting systems, as well as how the use of ballots has developed over time. Use these resources to support students' understanding of the advantages and disadvantages—including recent election controversies—of using different types of ballots. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.

Theme Key Understandings

  • A government's structure determines how political parties will form and operate
  • Political parties strongly influence the operation of democratic governments
  • Media, public opinion, and policy are interrelated in a democracy
  • The type of media a public consumes influences their understanding of policy and government action
  • Interest groups can be both an effective citizen tool for expression and, if too powerful, a threat to democracy
  • Voting rules and regulations affect election outcomes
  • Interpreting campaign contributions as free speech allows those with money greater access to lawmakers

Key Questions

  • Explain how the election controversy of 2000 is a prime example of the need for ballot reform and universal voting practices in the United States.
  • Do you think that e-voting should be an option? Why or why not?
  • Would you support uniform national requirements for ballots and voting machines? Why or why not?


  1. Overview: Ballots
  2. Visuals: Ballots (Visual)
  3. Outline: Outline
  4. Transcript: Transcript
  5. Lesson: Introduction
  6. Lesson: 1-History of the Ballot
  7. Lesson: 2-Types of Ballots
  8. Lesson: 3-Ballot Controversy in the 2000 Elections
  9. Lesson: 4-Future of the Ballot
  10. Lesson: Closing
  11. Glossary Terms: butterfly ballot
  12. Glossary Terms: mechanical lever voting machine
  13. Photos & Illustrations: Election of 2000: controversy over manual recounts
  14. Photos & Illustrations: Voting: marking the ballot
  15. Reference Articles: Bush v. Gore (2000)
  16. Reference Articles: ballot format
  17. Reference Articles: direct recording electronic machines
  18. Reference Articles: Help America Vote Act
  19. Reference Articles: Voting Systems
  20. Reference Articles: Election of 2000
  21. Reference Articles: Absentee Ballots
  22. Political, Government & Court Documents: Bush v. Gore (2000)
  23. Political, Government & Court Documents: Help America Vote Act: Title III (2002)

MLA Citation

"Ballots." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2019, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/2156156. Accessed 23 Aug. 2019.

View all citation styles.

Entry ID: 2156156

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