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State Government
Guide: The Governor's Office

Examine the role of the governor in state government policymaking with this selection of primary and secondary sources. The balance of power between the governor and the state legislature is explored in detail. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.

Theme Key Understandings

  • Local governments play a critical role in citizens' everyday lives, providing services such as police and fire protection, utilities, and education
  • The size and organization of a local government impacts the way it functions
  • State government structures resemble that of the federal government with responsibilities and powers split between three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial
  • State governments both share some responsibilities with the federal government and have some separate areas of responsibility
  • The resources of a community impact its government's policies and effectiveness
  • States often serve as laboratories for government policy at the national level
  • States' election policies directly impact political outcomes at all levels of government

Key Questions

  • What two powers do state governors usually have that give them extensive policy making authority within their states?
  • Explain how states change the governor's power, especially as it relates to the legislative process.


  1. Overview: The Governor's Office
  2. Outline: Outline
  3. Transcript: Transcript
  4. Lesson: Introduction
  5. Lesson: 1-The President and the Governor
  6. Lesson: 2-Variations among the States
  7. Lesson: 3-Electing the Governor
  8. Lesson: Closing
  9. Glossary Terms: line-item veto
  10. Photos & Illustrations: Brown, Jerry: discusses state budget cuts
  11. Photos & Illustrations: Hunt, James: signs compensation legislation
  12. Reference Articles: State Legislature
  13. Reference Articles: State Officials
  14. Reference Articles: Governor, Office of
  15. Political, Government & Court Documents: Altgeld, John Peter: Pardon of the Haymarket anarchists (1893)
  16. Speeches: Risch, Jim: Inaugural Address (2006)

MLA Citation

"The Governor's Office." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2019, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/2156169. Accessed 17 Feb. 2019.

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Entry ID: 2156169

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