Overview, Key Understandings & Questions
Theme Key Understandings
- The key responsibility of the judicial branch is to interpret the law through judicial review
- Establishing a judicial branch creates a system of check and balances within a government
- Federal courts are categorized by the type of infraction and their jurisdiction, which is determined by Congress
- The executive branch appoints federal judges, making the judicial branch the least democratic of the three
- Supreme Court rulings establish legal precedents for future cases to follow
- Landmark Supreme Court cases impact citizens' lives, the application of rights, and government policy
What Is the Judicial Branch?
- What is the primary role of the judicial branch in relationship to the legislative and executive branches of government?
- Why is it so important for us to have an independent branch play this role?
- What court decision established the power of judicial review?
- How does judicial review solidify the role of the courts in the U.S. government?
Civil or Criminal?
- What kinds of cases would be heard in a federal criminal court?
- Why is it important for the federal government to have criminal laws in addition to those of the state governments?
- What are three types of issues that might be resolved in a federal civil court?
- What role do these courts play in providing necessary protections for minority rights?
- Why are Supreme Court rulings so important in establishing legal precedents?
- Why did the founders set up the Supreme Court in the constitution but leave it to Congress to set up the remaining courts?
Supreme Court at Work
- What are the procedures the Supreme Court goes through in selecting and hearing a case?
- How do various parties work to get their case heard by the Supreme Court?
- How does the Supreme Court express its opinions? How are these opinions used in future legal action?
- Identify and describe three cases that were critical to establishing the constitutional principles of the United States.
- Why do some cases remain controversial even after the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled?
"Judicial Branch." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2019, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/2142495. Accessed 21 Apr. 2019.
Entry ID: 2142495