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Dust in the Wind: The Dust Bowl of 1930

A combination of natural conditions and human activities created the Dust Bowl, an environmental disaster that brought massive dust storms to the midwestern region of the United States during the 1930s. Use information from the provided sources to describe the different factors that caused the Dust Bowl.

Clarifying Questions

  • What was the Dust Bowl?
  • What effects did the Dust Bowl have on farmers and residents?


  • drought: A drought is a long episode of unusually dry weather that can be caused by low amounts of precipitation and other factors. Droughts can lead to water shortages and crop failures.
  • dry farming: Dry farming is an agricultural practice in which crops are raised in semiarid to arid conditions with little use of irrigation.
  • Dust Bowl: The "Dust Bowl" refers to a period of devastating dust storms that struck much of the U.S. Midwest during the 1930s, causing many farms to fail and leading to a mass migration of farming families away from the region.
  • erosion: Erosion takes place when natural forces such as water, ice, or wind wears away and moves rock or soil to another spot.
  • Great Depression: Beginning in 1929 and lasting into the late 1930s, the Great Depression was a period of worldwide economic crisis. In the United States, many businesses went bankrupt and many people faced unemployment and financial hardship during the Great Depression.

MLA Citation

"Dust in the Wind: The Dust Bowl of 1930." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2019, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Support/Display/2232293?cid=272. Accessed 6 Dec. 2019.

Entry ID: 2232293

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