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The Ottoman Empire
Guide: The Rise of the Ottomans

The rise of the Ottoman Empire in the 14th century marked a major shift in power in the Near East. This collection of resources provides students with a platform for exploring the main factors contributing to the rise of the Ottomans, including military tactics, political leadership, and the influence of Islam. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.

Time Period Key Understandings

  • Relatability and promise of a better life in religious traditions attract converts and followers
  • Geography and previous cultural traditions impacted the spread of Islam
  • The relationship between religion and government can impact empirical stability, growth, and success
  • Dynastic rule can bring personal strife into governmental affairs
  • Religious division or fragmentation occurs as religion spreads geographically and there are various interpretations of leadership, key text, and doctrines
  • The relationship between religion and science changes over time
  • Preservation of Greek, Roman, and Indian academic achievements is significant to the continuation and advancement of knowledge
  • The religious identity of Spain impacts its empirical alignment and alliances throughout history
  • Religious text and interpretation of religious text can lead to differences in the practice of the religion across time and space
  • Strong bureaucratic systems positively impact the effectiveness of both civilizations and empires
  • Religious conflict negatively impacts the rule of the governmental system in place
  • Social stratification can lead to both stability and conflict

Key Questions

  • How were the Ottomans able to build an empire so rapidly? What role did Islam play in the Ottomans' expansion?
  • Why do you think the Janissaries were such an effective military organization? How did they contribute to the functioning of the Ottoman Empire?
  • What made Bayezid I such an influential Ottoman ruler?
  • Why was the fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans such a critical event? How did the city's fall affect the Islamic world? How did it affect the Christian world?


  1. Overview: The Rise of the Ottomans
  2. Outline: Outline
  3. Transcript: Transcript
  4. Lesson: Introduction
  5. Lesson: 1-Ottoman Origins and Early Expansion
  6. Lesson: 2-Ottoman Administration and Military
  7. Lesson: 3-The Ottomans and Constantinople
  8. Lesson: Closing
  9. Key Question: Ottomans' Swift Rise to Power
  10. Background Essay: Ottomans' Swift Rise to Power (Background)
  11. Dilemma Perspective: Ottomans' Swift Rise to Power (Perspective 1)
  12. Dilemma Perspective: Ottomans' Swift Rise to Power (Perspective 2)
  13. Dilemma Perspective: Ottomans' Swift Rise to Power (Perspective 3)
  14. Doing More: Doing More
  15. Photos & Illustrations: Ottoman Empire: Janissaries
  16. Reference Articles: Constantinople, 1453 Siege of
  17. Reference Articles: Janissaries
  18. Reference Articles: Ottoman Army
  19. Reference Articles: Ottoman Empire
  20. Biographies: Bayezid I
  21. Letters & Narratives: Busbecq, Ogier Ghiselin de: on Ottoman soldiers (ca. 1554)
  22. Maps: Ottoman Empire, 1453–1520

MLA Citation

"The Rise of the Ottomans." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2019, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/2158320. Accessed 17 Feb. 2019.

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Entry ID: 2158320

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