The Classical Age
Guide: Greece at War
This collection of resources explores two defining conflicts in the history of ancient Greece: the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars. First-hand narratives and documents provide an in-depth look at the causes of these wars, as well as their consequences for the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.
Time Period Key Understandings
- Geography impacts a civilization's ability to communicate and unify
- Centralization allows for culture to flourish and disseminate
- Oral history and tradition perpetuate cultural norms and religion
- Societal celebrations and norms can glorify and support warfare
- Political structure influences the economic stratification of a society
- Democratic systems value the rights and opinions of citizens
- Internal rivalry leads to competitive rather than collaborative systems
- Art and architecture depict society's values and histories
- Philosophy, or the love of wisdom, contributes to the betterment of society through academic research, reasoning, and discovery
- Strong leadership leads to success of political and military campaigns
- Cultural diffusion can lead to romanticism of past civilizations and culture
- How did Greek citizens participate in warfare? Why was it important for the citizens of city-states to provide military service?
- How did the Greek city-states respond to the Persian invasions? Why is the Greek victory over Persia considered so remarkable?
- How did the Persian Wars change Athens's status among the other Greek city-states? How might this have contributed to the start of the Peloponnesian War?
- How did the outcome of the Peloponnesian War affect both Athens and Sparta? What was the long-term effect for the Greek city-states in general?
- Overview: Greece at War
- Outline: Outline
- Transcript: Transcript
- Lesson: Introduction
- Lesson: 1-Greek Citizen Soldiers
- Lesson: 2-Persian Wars
- Lesson: 3-Peloponnesian War
- Lesson: Closing
- Glossary Terms: phalanx
- Reference Articles: Delian League
- Reference Articles: Hoplites
- Reference Articles: Peloponnesian War
- Reference Articles: Persian Wars
- Reference Articles: Athens
- Cultural Documents: Xenophon: on whether war is ever profitable
- Letters & Narratives: Thucydides: Melian Dialogue (ca. 416 BCE)
- Speeches: Pericles: Funeral Oration (ca. 430 BCE)
"Greece at War." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2020, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Support/Content/2158361?cid=256. Accessed 21 Jan. 2020.
Entry ID: 2158361