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The Classical Age
Guide: Greek Art and Culture

This collection of resources examines the features of classical Greek sculpture and considers how they reflected the values of society at the time. Use the accompanying articles and images to support students' understanding of the cultural beliefs and values embodied in Greek sculpture. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.

Time Period Key Understandings

  • Geography impacts a civilization's ability to communicate and unify
  • Centralization allows for culture to flourish and disseminate
  • Oral history and tradition perpetuate cultural norms and religion
  • Societal celebrations and norms can glorify and support warfare
  • Political structure influences the economic stratification of a society
  • Democratic systems value the rights and opinions of citizens
  • Internal rivalry leads to competitive rather than collaborative systems
  • Art and architecture depict society's values and histories
  • Philosophy, or the love of wisdom, contributes to the betterment of society through academic research, reasoning, and discovery
  • Strong leadership leads to success of political and military campaigns
  • Cultural diffusion can lead to romanticism of past civilizations and culture

Key Questions

  • How did the classical Greek sculpture that flourished during the fifth century BCE differ from the style of earlier Greek sculpture?
  • Why did Greek artists portray the gods as human figures? Why do you think athletes were often the subjects of Greek sculpture?
  • How did the classical Greek style in sculpture influence later art?


  1. Overview: Greek Art and Culture
  2. Visuals: Greek Art and Culture (Visual)
  3. Outline: Outline
  4. Transcript: Transcript
  5. Lesson: Introduction
  6. Lesson: 1-Greek Architecture
  7. Lesson: 2-Greek Statuary and Vases
  8. Lesson: 3-Greek Drama and Literature
  9. Lesson: Closing
  10. Photos & Illustrations: Aristides the Just
  11. Photos & Illustrations: Greece: Parthenon, east frieze, Olympian deities
  12. Photos & Illustrations: Herodotus
  13. Photos & Illustrations: Kouroi
  14. Photos & Illustrations: Praxiteles: Hermes and Dionysus
  15. Reference Articles: Greek Athletes
  16. Reference Articles: Greek Sculpture
  17. Reference Articles: Olympic Games
  18. Reference Articles: Parthenon
  19. Cultural Documents: Lucian: Anacharsis quizzes Solon on the value of sports and athletic training

MLA Citation

"Greek Art and Culture." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2020, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Support/Content/2158311?cid=256. Accessed 21 Jan. 2020.

Entry ID: 2158311

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