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Exploration, 1350-1550
Guide: European Exploration

These resources highlight the science and technological advancements that led to European exploration. Use these resources to support students' understanding of the events, ideas, and scientific discoveries leading to the Age of Exploration. Use the Export to My Lists button above to turn this into a research list for your students.

Time Period Key Understandings

  • New advancements in technology can produce widespread social, cultural, and political change
  • Events can have multiple outcomes and include unintended consequences
  • Powerful nations' ability to control wealth and resources increases their ability to influence other nations
  • Cultural exchanges can occur intentionally and unintentionally
  • A civilization's success and growth is largely dependent on geographical location
  • Culture is the product of shared economic, religious, and political values
  • Regional characteristics can influence people's perspectives

Key Questions

  • What were early European explorers hoping to accomplish when exploring new sea routes and territories?
  • Evaluate the success of early English and French exploration efforts. What were they hoping to find and how successful were they in obtaining new land or resources?
  • European monarchies were in a competition to find new territory and resources for the purpose of expanding their wealth. Do you think these monarchies were entitled to the resources they discovered in the new lands?


  1. Overview: European Exploration
  2. Outlines: Outline
  3. Lesson: Introduction
  4. Lesson: England
  5. Lesson: France
  6. Lesson: Spain
  7. Lesson: Closing
  8. Glossary Terms: Northwest Passage
  9. Photos & Illustrations: Cabot, John: landing in North America
  10. Photos & Illustrations: Map of Magellan's route
  11. Reference Articles: Doctrine of Discovery
  12. Biographies: Cabot, Sebastian
  13. Biographies: Drake, Francis
  14. Biographies: Pizarro, Francisco
  15. Biographies: Cartier, Jacques
  16. Biographies: Cabot, John
  17. Political, Government & Court Documents: Dutch West India Company Charter (1621)
  18. Political, Government & Court Documents: First Charter of the Virginia Company of London (1606)
  19. Maps: European Transatlantic Explorations of the New World

MLA Citation

"European Exploration." History Hub, ABC-CLIO, 2020, historyhub.abc-clio.com/Support/Display/2152644?cid=256. Accessed 18 Feb. 2020.

Entry ID: 2152644

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