Curriculum Resources
Primary Source Connection
Japanese American Internment and Civil Liberties

On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 authorizing the relocation and internment of nearly 120,000 Japanese Americans. The president justified his actions as a necessary national security measure "against espionage and against sabotage." This anniversary is preceded by another related observance on January 30, Fred Korematsu Day. Fred Korematsu was one of several Japanese Americans to legally challenge the internment order by suing the U.S. government for violating his civil rights.

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941 led to widespread paranoia, even hysteria, that Japanese Americans living on the West Coast might support Japan in its war efforts against the United States. This, combined with a long history of racism against Japanese, particularly on the...

More Curriculum Resources
Professional Development
Teaching History & Government
World History: The Modern Era
Spheres of Influence, 1776-1914
World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras
The Islamic World, 600-1500 CE
American Government
State and Local Government
Talking History
Guerrilla Warfare
Professor Lee Eysturlid investigates the phenomenon of guerrilla warfare that defined various 20th century conflicts, from Indonesia to Vietnam.
By Lee Eysturlid
Engaged Classroom
The Superhero in American History
See More Like This +
History Hub is Powered by ABC-CLIO Solutions
16 Research and Curriculum Social Studies Databases
Must-Have Book
The Great Black Migration: A Historical Encyclopedia of the American Mosaic
by Sara L. Hagedorn and Michael C. LeMay
Meet the Team